< Azores2016

Summer course
"Volcanism, Plate Tectonics, Hydrothermal Vents and Life"
Angra do Heroismo, Azores, Portugal, 23 August - 1 September 2016


The following lectures will be teaching at the summer course "Volcanism, Plate Tectonics, Hydrothermal Vents and Life":


Prof. Doris Breuer, German Aerospace Centre, Berlin,Germany
Doris Breuer studied geophysics in Münster, Germany, and currently works at the German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Planetary Research in Berlin, where she is Head of the Department of Planetary Physics since 2004. She is also Associate Professor at the Institute de Physique du Globe de Paris (since 2005). She is involved in scientific teams for various space experiments, such as HP3 (Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package) for InSight a NASA Discovery mission, MORE (Mercury Orbiter Radioscience Experiment) and BELA (BepiColombo Laser altimeter) on the ESA BepiColombo mission to Mercury. Her main fields of research are the thermo-chemical evolution, the mantle dynamics and the interior structure of planetary bodies. She has published about 90 book chapters and papers in ISI journals. Doris likes music, movies and reading.


Dr. Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges , University of the Azores, Portugal
I have a Ph.D. in Insect Ecology by the University of London (Imperial College; 1997) and I am currently leading the Azorean Biodiversity Group within the University of the Azores. I have published extensively using Azorean Islands as a model for understanding animal community structure in island ecosystems, with 83 published papers in ISI recognized journals. I supervised already 13 Post-Doc projects, 7 Ph.D . students and 22 MSc Students, and I am currently supervising 5 Post-Docs and 8 Ph.D. Students. In the last three years I coordeinated or participated in more than 30 projects. My ongoing research focuses on the study of Biodiversity of Azorean Arthropods, with emphasis on taxonomy, ecology (Macroecology), biospeleology and biogeography. I am also interested on: i) the development of species-area models that could describe patterns of species richness and potential extinction on islands; ii) empirical modelling of species distributions at different scales; iii) analysis of processes affecting patterns of species richness of arthropods at different spatial scales.


Dr. Maria Lurdes Enes Dapkevicius, University of the Azores, Angra do Heroísmo, Portugal


Prof. Teresa Jesus Lopez Ferreira, University the Azores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal
Assistant Professor at the University of the Azores. PhD degree in Geology (Volcanology) in 2000. Researcher at the CVARG (Center for Volcanology and Geological Risks Assessment) since 1996. Since 2000 she has been involved in the development and managent of the seismovolcanic monitoring network of the Azores for real-time data acquisition. Since 2008 she became head of the board of directors of the CIVISA (Centre for Information and Seismovolcanic Surveillance of the Azores). The research activities are focused in the study and monitoring of active volcanoes and in other geological hazards. The domains of specialization are essentially volcanic and hydrothermal gases, basaltic volcanism, eruptive history of volcanoes, volcano-tectonic systems and geological hazards and risk assessment.


Dr. Anna Neubeck, Stockholm University, Sweden
My research focus is on the study of stable Ni isotopes and the possibilities of using them as biomarkers. Methanogens require Ni for their growth and as a consequence the microbial fractionation of Ni isotopes can be used as a biomarker for activity of methanogenic communities. Anaerobic laboratory experiments was performed using methanogens to investigate methanogenic growth in a modified nutrient media with olivine Fo91 (5g/l) added as an additional mineral nutrient source and as the only H2 provider. One of the investigated methanogens showed an increased growth in the experiments with added olivine. There were also a close relationship between the mobilized Ni and the growth of the methanogen.

Ni is an element that previously has been neglected in the study of fossilized microorganisms and their interaction with mineral substrates and, thus, there are no records or published data of Ni in association with microfossils. However, we have detected enrichments of Ni in fossilized microorganisms and ichno-fossils, respectively, from three separate locations. Ni is not present in the host rock in any of the samples. Thus, Ni is present in association with fossilized microorganisms from environments and more extensive analysis is required to understand the magnitude, uptake, preservation and fractionation of Ni in microfossils. In order to analyze Ni isotope fractionation from microbe-mineral interaction, we plan to use a high-resolution Laser-Ablation Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (LMS). In situ profile ablation will provide detailed and localized data on fractionation patterns between microfossils and their host rock. Also, this technique will allow us to identify the change in Ni isotopic fractionation in rock samples caused by abiotic and biogenic processes in a faster and easier way and with less risk for contamination compared to the wet chemistry analyses of Ni isotopes.


Prof. Diana Northup, University of New Mexico, USA
Diana Northup has been studying things that live in caves since 1984. She has a Ph.D. in Biology from the University of New Mexico, USA. She and her colleagues on the SLIME (Subsurface Life In Mineral Environments) Team are investigating how microbes help form the colorful ferromanganese deposits that coat the walls of Lechuguilla and Spider Cave in Carlsbad Caverns National Park; how microbes participate in the precipitation of calcium carbonate formations called pool fingers; and the microbial diversity located in the hydrogen sulfide cave, Cueva de las Sardinas in Tabasco, Mexico and lava caves in the Azores, Iceland, and Hawai'i, New Mexico, and California (USA). Across these study environments, she also investigates microbes that masquerade as minerals, to help better detect life on extraterrestrial bodies. She has mentored numerous and diverse high school, undergraduate, and graduate students and delivered a TEDxABQ talk about her mentoring philosophy. Diana has been honored by having her work featured on NOVA, CNN, Discovery Channel, National Geographic, and by being named a Fellow of the AAAS. In 2013, she was awarded the Science Award by the National Speleological Society for her achievements in Biospeleology. Currently, she is Professor Emerita in the College of University Libraries & Learning Sciences and a Visiting Associate Professor in the Department of Biology at the University of New Mexico, USA. She is actively researching cave geomicrobiology using geochemical, molecular and microscopy techniques, and teaches Biology 110: Microbes: Friends or Foes, Biology 419/519: Communicating Science to the Public, and co-teaches Geomicrobiology.


Prof. Lise Øvreås, University of Bergen, Norway
I am a microbial ecologist interested in microbial diversity as well as studying temporal and special patterns in the distribution and abundance of species. My special research interests are within genetic diversity and population dynamics of microorganisms in their natural environments, population ecology and community ecology. Another important topic that I study is the natural variation in microbial community composition as well as the regulation of biodiversity and adaptability of a microbial community to external stress factors. My current work is focused on studies of microbial diversity along environmental gradients and in the evolution of biogeochemical cycles. It is also focusing on the ecology of terrestrial and deep sea hydrothermal vents, diversity along salinity and pH gradients and in arctic soil to explore the physiological ecology of key populations. I use interdisciplinary approaches in the interface of microbiology, ecology, mathematics, as well as informatics and computer science.


Adriano Pimentel, University of the Azores, Portugal
Adriano Henrique Gonçalves Pimentel is a PhD candidate at the Centre for Volcanology and Geological Risks Assessment (CVARG) of the University of the Azores. Since 2011, he is part of the technical staff of the Centre for Information and Seismovolcanic Surveillance of the Azores (CIVISA) working on seismic, geodetic, geochemical and meteorological continuous monitoring activities. His PhD research is focused on the magmatic, eruptive and depositional processes of pyroclastic density current-forming eruptions on the Azores islands. His research interests also include volcanostratigraphy, physical volcanology, igneous petrology, numerical modelling of volcanic products and geological hazard assessment, applied to volcanic ocean islands. He is author and co-author of several scientific articles published in international journals and book chapters. In 2009 he was granted with the Young Scientist Outstanding Poster Paper (YSOPP) Award of the Natural Hazards division of the European Geosciences Union (EGU) by the work on Numerical hazard zonation for pyroclastic density current scenarios at the islands of the Azores.


Prof. Haraldur Sigurðsson, , University of Rhode Island, USA, USA
Haraldur Sigurdsson, a native of Iceland, is Professor Emeritus at the Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, USA. He is best known for his work in volcanology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks, with extensive field work on volcanoes in Iceland, West Indies, on the ocean floor of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Italy, Central and South America, West Africa, Indonesia and elsewhere. He has also worked on topics relating to geochemistry and environmental impact of large meteorite impacts on the Earth. Prior to his position in Rhode Island, Haraldur worked at the University of the West Indies, on geology and volcanism in the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. His recent books include Melting the Earth: a history of ideas about the origin of magmas (Oxford Press) and the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (Elsevier). His current interests are chiefly on the geology of Greenland, its climate history and the impact of climate change on the populations of the Nordic viking culture in the early Middle Ages and on the Inuit cultures today.


Prof. Tilman Spohn, German Aerospace Centre, Berlin,Germany
Prof. Tilman Spohn is the Director of the Institute of Planetary Research of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and a Professor of Planetary Physics at the Westfälische Wilhelms Universität Münster. He specializes in the thermodynamics of planetary interiors using modeling and space instrumentation, the habitability of planets and the role of life in their geologic evolution. He is the Principal Investigator of the MUPUS experiment on the ESA Rosetta lander and of the HP3 package on the NASA mission InSight. He serves together with Prof. Thomas of the University of Bern as Principal Investigator of the BELA laser altimeter on the ESA BepiColombo mission. He has been serving ESA�s scientific advisory body, is the present chairman of the ISSI science advisory board, a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, and a member of the Academy of Astronautics and the Academia Europeana. He has served as an editor of the Reviews of Geophysics, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Encyclopedia of Astrobiology and the Treatise on Geophysics. He has received the Albert-Maucher Prize of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Runcorn Florensky Medal of the European Geophysical Union and has authored more than 160 articles and several book chapters


Prof. Karl Stetter, University of Regensburg, Germany
Prof. Stetter was Head of Department at the Department of Microbiology, University of Regensburg, Germany (now: Professor Emeritus). He is Member of several academies: German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina; Member, The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences; Member, Bavarian Academy of Sciences; Member, American Academy of Microbiology; Honorary Member, International Society for Extremophiles; Annual Award, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie; Gottfried-Wilhelm-Leibniz Award; Bergey Medal; Leeuwenhoek Gold Medal. His scientific achievements concern the discovery and cultivation of microbial life at 100°C and at 113°C, the detection of hyperthermophilic microbial communities within hot rocks at three kilometres depth. He olso worked on isolation and large scale cultivation of more than 1,500 strains of hyperthermophilic Archaea and Bacteria, representing over 50 novel species, 18 new genera and 9 new taxonomic orders. Over the years he has authored 350 scientific publications and given 390 invited lectures.


Dr. Fátima Viveiros, University of the Azores, Portugal
Awarded with a Post-Doctoral Grant from the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Portuguese Government) to develop the project: "HAVE-CO2: CO2 Hazard Assessment in Volcanic Environments" between 2015 and 2018 in the Centre for Volcanology and Geological Risks Assessment (CVARG), University of the Azores. Specialized in Volcanology, with specific scientific formation focused on hydrothermal fumaroles and soil diffuse degassing phenomena applied to volcanic/hydrothermal areas. The research has been mostly correlated with the study of spatial and temporal variations of CO2 emission and thermal energy released. Expert also in applying several statistical methods to the data acquired in order to filter time series and to understand spatial data behaviour. Sub- Director of the CVARG, for Science, since 2013 and Coordinator of the Scientific Unit of Gas Geochemistry of the CVARG since 2012. Responsible for the maintenance of the soil CO2 degassing network installed in the Azores archipelago since 2001, which is nowadays composed by eleven permanent stations. Between September 2008 and June 2013 the researcher was member of the Board of the CIVISA - Centre for Information and Seismovolcanic Surveillance of the Azores


Prof. Wolf Geppert, Stockholm University, Sweden
Wolf D. Geppert received his Ph. D. in Physical Chemistry at the University of York in 2000. Since then he has been working in the field of astrochemistry - mostly with experiments to investigate barrier-less reactions of importance for the synthesis of molecules in the interstellar medium and planetary ionospheres. After post-doctoral positions in Bordeaux, Helsinki and Stockholm he was promoted to Full Professor at Stockholm University in 2014. His work mainly concerns studying the formation of complex molecules in space through ion induced processes using experimental, observational and computational methods. Wolf Geppert is Coordinator of the Nordic Astrobiology Network of and Director of the Stockholm University Astrobiology Centre. He is also Vice Chair of the European Union COST Action "Origins and Evolution of Life on Earth and in the Universe" and the Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership "European Astrobiology Campus". He also functions as also Handling Editor of the new journal "Molecular Astropysics".

Bem-vindos à Terceira !

Lava cave Algar do Carvão Extinct volcano craters Hot springs at Furnas